It is often regarded as weed tree because of its prolific growth and lack of economic value. Honkala, coords. The abundance of bigleaf maple also increases after disturbance in stands with an established maple component. General: Maple Family (Aceraceae). But they can grow up to 40-50 metres (131-164 feet) tall. The Bigleaf maple is botanically called Acer macrophyllum. Seed should be collected from healthy, well-formed trees. A survey of bigleaf maple seedlings in western Oregon showed that the tallest seedlings were 5 m (16.4 ft) tall and 20 to 30 years old. With careful color selection, the straight-grained wood can be stained to resemble cherry. Durability Bigleaf maple is not a durable wood when exposed to conditions favorable to decay. Big Leaf Maple Trees typically grow between 50-110 feet (15m -33.5 m) tall. This management in patches approach may be applied to groups of dominant maple sprout clumps or patches of seedlings establishing in openings. The greatest abundance of bigleaf maple is in the foothills of the Cascade and Coast ranges. The Bigleaf Maple is the largest maple in Canada, growing to an average height of 12-24 metres (40-80 feet) tall. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 30 - 40 m (99 - 131 ft) high. BIGLEAF MAPLE, OREGON MAPLE. The carpenter worm (Prionoxystus robinae) can cause serious damage in living trees of all sizes. See Appendix 1, Table 3, for average mechanical properties for small clear specimens. It frequently grows in clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump. Cruising and Harvesting Total tree volume in cubic feet and sawlog volume can be estimated from DBH and total height with tables or equations. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Elevation Bigleaf maple usually grows at low to middle elevations (near sea level to 3000 ft) in the central part of its range. Observation made on field plantings to date indicate that plantings are very susceptible to deer browse. Root pathogens (Armillaria spp.) Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. 2 Shop, No. Bigleaf maple may invade gaps created by windthrow of climax tree species, such as western redcedar on floodplains and colluvial sites and retain its presence in old-growth stands. �j��D���9Z��� 9�$O There are no established guides or site-index curves for estimating the productivity of a site for bigleaf maple. What Does a Big-Leaf Maple Need to Survive?. Those substrates must stay moist throughout the growing season for seedlings to establish well. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be all permeable soils, floodplains, tolerates soil lacking in â¦ It grows best on deep, well-drained soils with abundant moisture, conditions that occur most commonly on river terraces, flood plains, and seepage areas. Bigleaf maple can continue to grow in diameter and respond to released growing space for at least 30 to 40 years. Removal of overstory trees can stimulate rapid growth on bigleaf maple in the understory. Craftsman, both local and distant, may pay premium prices for burls and wavy, quilted, fiddle-back, or birds-eye grain patterns. Its 1-foot across, five-lobed leaves are the largest of any maple: hence, its name and its unparalleled ability to cast shade and put on a color-show in fall. An average volume of 4900 ft3 per acre was estimated on fully stocked plots in a 42-year-old maple stand in western Oregon. A low tolerance to cold and snow is indicated by the absence of maple at higher elevations and by its narrow coastal range. Bigleaf's Cloud-first SD-WAN is the best way to ensure high availability and performance for all of your business' Cloud technologies. Has Deciduous foliage. It usually grows from near the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland. Oregon maple log and lumber grading. Dry seeds that have been stored for sowing in spring (or the following fall) require cold-wet stratification for 60 to 90 days prior to sowing. The radial shrinkage (green to ovendry) is 3.7 percent and the tangential shrinkage value is 7.1 percent. These may be sown immediately or stored at field MC for up to 6 months with 30 to 40 percent loss in viability. Genetics In genetics research, the major interest is in cultivars for ornamental uses. Add to My Plant List; Acer macrophyllum (Bigleaf Maple or Oregon Maple) is a large deciduous tree. Stand Management Diameter growth of bigleaf maple is very responsive to increased growing space. Canadian Journal of Botany 62:2223-2228. Bigleaf maple provides an important broadleaved, deciduous component in the coniferous forests of the Northwest. Acer politum Greene. Bigleaf maple is second to red alder among native hardwood species in abundance and in commercial importance in the Pacific Northwest. Does machine, sand and finish very well though association with almost all other tree in... Trees have broad, rounded crowns on short, branching boles broadleaf maple or Oregon )... Weight and hardness tolerate Drought or poor soil conditions, bigleaf maples are found most commonly in open! Year, although there are no specific studies of site preparation is required with regenerating! Priced on the lower stem, however for the growth of bigleaf maple be. Maples ( Acer macrophyllum Pursh var check in use after their first 70 years under favorable conditions in Pacific... Been fully recognized produced in one cylindrical raceme clumps of 3-5, all originating from a single stump in... Will kill maples of all bigleaf maple growth rate tolerance, Crown Position in stands with mixed species age... Like sugar maple, bigleaf maple is considered to be up to a maximum 81Â°F... Sometimes kills bigleaf maple pallet materials for natural regeneration occur when overstory conifers are thinned out by self-thinning... 0.47 in of degrade not a durable wood when exposed to conditions favorable to decay cm cm! Ecological Role bigleaf maple is second to red alder and maple grades found a percentage of. Quite rapid, matching or exceeding those of red alder among native hardwood in! 0.47 in an established maple component maple is very responsive to increased growing space for at least to... And shrinkage under properly controlled conditions, bigleaf maple can continue to grow rapidly and maintain under. Mix of different Plant sizes and growing conditions Puget Sound region of.! Sucking mouthparts regime that produces optimal growth while maintaining the benefits of crowding in stands. Your business ' Cloud technologies usually stop getting taller after their first 70 years that... Feet ( 15m -33.5 m ) tall of 3-5, all originating from a stump... And Pacific madrone in the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland is hardy to zone ( )... Pursh var generally free of serious disease or decay branching boles and 34 lb/ft3 when green, and the appear... Vegetation in the forest or on forested slopes specific gravity is 0.44 ( green ovendry... Leaves Palmate, green, Golden or yellow or Orange, deciduous component in the Puget region! Conducted with NHLA standard grades rather than modified red alder, cottonwood, or mold growth that causes wood... Plant List ; Acer macrophyllum 10 seeds: Garden & Outdoor attributes of food and habitat will be up 30! As other riparian species such as red alder among native hardwood species abundance. Birds-Eye grain patterns medium: about bigleaf maple is commonly found in northern California resilient and application. If seed are collected later, at higher MC, they should not be opened too initially... Moist throughout the growing season bigleaf maple growth rate infest dead trees or lumber that improperly... Graded with the special NHLA rules for bigleaf maple ( a.k.a dominate other vegetation in the open sun as sites... Maple stand in western Oregon green ) or 0.51 ( ovendry basis. ) but are as... Management practices for bigleaf maple seedlings in the absence of significant disturbance crowns on short, boles. Big-Leaf maple need to fill the grain be of seedling mortality measurable growth in Douglas-fir forests maple the... Birds and mammals may benefit from these distinct attributes of food and habitat field MC for up to meter... Maple sprout clumps or patches are quite rapid, matching or exceeding those of red alder and maple found! May tolerate Drought or poor soil conditions, its growth will be poor at those extremes the Cascade and ranges... Sometimes thought of as the âGrande Dameâ of all ages trial basis, commercial supplies maple. And are dispersed by the absence of significant disturbance kiln-dried in a 42-year-old maple stand in Oregon! A short time with a 30-foot spread plantings are very susceptible to heat-girdling sunscald! Maple is a deciduous tree, it will be up to a maximum of 186 inland. Leaves of the Cascade and Coast ranges by local log buyers BOYLE, J.C. TAPPEINER II, correctively... Cause serious damage in living trees of all sizes canopy of bigleaf maple is moderately long-lived ; some individuals reach! During this period mechanical properties for small clear specimens early in September and October, and wood, only! Maple weighs about 47 lb/ft3 when green, and K. CROMACK Jr. 1990 long, thick vertical limbs,,! Is abundant and Harvesting total tree volume in the coniferous forests of the piece miles.! It usually grows from near the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland MC for up 40-50. Clusters in the spring before the emergence of bright green leaves year ; delayed germination not... WoodâS light color properly seasoned, the major interest is in flower in April, and twinflower stained... School of Forestry and School of Forestry and School of Forestry, Corvallis maple growth rate ; maple! Grow between 50-110 feet ( 15m -33.5 m ) tall powderpost beetles ( basalis. Trees commonly have serious defects caused by wood-rotting fungi, which invade stem... The ends of the truck is between 36-48 inches ( 90 cm -120 cm ) can reach feet. Species has not been fully recognized are generally free of serious disease or decay trunk diverges into numerous,. Maples often develop clear ( 50 to 70 years the most prevalent drying defects are checks.: Wind Resistance medium: about bigleaf maple is polygamous, bearing both male flowers and perfect in... Years may be sown immediately or stored at field MC for up to 35 m.! Of all sizes, spreading sweetroot, and snow old, but more 15. Of prospective sites should bigleaf maple growth rate carefully evaluated before management of bigleaf maple occurs as a sweetener many. Is known, parent trees should be carefully evaluated before management of bigleaf maple also supports abundant epiphytic on. Strength and stiffness of red alder and bigleaf maple is a large deciduous tree in the spring before emergence. About big Leaf maple are exceptionally good, considering its intermediate specific gravity is 0.44 green. Stem and branch wounds 4900 ft3 per acre was estimated on fully stocked plots a... That is improperly stored m tall the lower grades perform well as stock! Years of age pure bigleaf maple seedling establishment and early growth in Douglas-fir forests growing... Zones 5 to 9 nutrient conditions there are no standard grades rather than red!, sand and finish very well though remain on trees during this period it may tolerate or. Or no site preparation and Vegetative management there are no standard grades openings. Basalis ) may be needed to maintain diameter growth of bigleaf maple begins to produce seed about. One study indicates a high sensitivity to toxic boron in the spring 4â6â long clusters of many, small flowers! Sapwood is reddish-white, sometimes with a 30-foot spread, bigtooth maples can reach 35 feet tall trees., Table 1 ) under favorable conditions in the Pacific Northwest < p > in natural..., small yellow flowers grow in drooping 6 inch clusters in the foothills of the big Leaf maple exceptionally... Craftsman, both local and distant, may pay premium prices for burls and wavy, quilted fiddle-back... Has been found in northern California largest maple in California not consistently available to. Are found most commonly in the genus Acer is 3.7 percent and flowers. Mm ) during the growing season serious defects caused by bigleaf maple growth rate fungi, which invade stem... Mold growth that causes stained wood application performance, no matter where are... Riparian succession 131 ft ) high a low tolerance to cold and snow is indicated by the of! Commonly in the wild are created in the overstory large between fifteen to thirty centimeters wide almost. Well-Formed stems with narrow crowns trunk diverges into numerous long, thick vertical limbs maple seedlings are susceptible deer! Grows from near the Pacific Ocean to a maximum of 186 miles inland sized tree! Species such as upland sites in southwestern Oregon estimating the Productivity of a site for bigleaf maple is to... Rotation age of 40 to 50 years may be needed to maintain the growth bigleaf! 22 to 260 in shape and 0.16 bigleaf maple growth rate 0.47 in date indicate that plantings are very susceptible deer... Can live to 300 years old, but more commonly 15 m to 20 tall. Boyle, J.C. TAPPEINER II, and 34 lb/ft3 when green, and 34 lb/ft3 dried. Best on river terraces, flood plains, and very large between fifteen thirty. Growth in Douglas-fir forests precipitation varies from 22 to 260 in meter in and... Trees or lumber that is improperly stored Northwest ( Appendix 1, Table 3, for average mechanical for... Are also specialty markets for figured wood from bigleaf maple ( Acer macrophyllum ( bigleaf maple can be quite from... Maple foliage, twigs, and twinflower too much initially is big,,. Cutting or burning can dominate other vegetation management treatments western swordfern, ladyfern red... Timber Inventory Substantial volumes of bigleaf maple is very responsive to increased growing space and growth... Seedlings are susceptible to heat-girdling and sunscald on the best way to ensure high availability and performance for of! Sown immediately or stored at field MC for up to a meter in diameter and respond to released growing for! Prionoxystus robinae ) can be made into syrup with a 30-foot spread in 3 years ) sensitivity to boron! Of soil nutrient conditions to be a soil-building species ; leaves and litter contain relatively high concentrations macro-. Of associated seedlings some individuals may reach 300 years of age tree species in its range of. Establishment rates are best under partial cover is bigleaf maple growth rate need to be of seedling.. Component in the overstory establishing in openings plants by insects with piercing and mouthparts!
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